One technique to reduce the reflected signal from the input or output of any device
is to place an attenuator before or after the device.
The attenuator reduces the reflected signal two times the value of the attenuation,
while the transmitted signal receives the nominal attenuation value.
To use this calculator to determine the effective VSWR/Return Loss of an
attenuator/device combination, enter the attenuation, VSWR or Return Loss,
and Gain of the device, then press the Calculate button.
Pressing the Calculate button with no inputs will load the example below.
An amplifier with a 2:1 Input VSWR and 16 dB gain must be reduced to below 1.5:1.
A 3 dB Attenuator can be placed before the amplifier to yield an effective VSWR of
1.401 with a gain reduction to 13 dB.